Belize has an area of mainland and cayes that is 8,867 square miles. Belize's greatest length
from north to south is 173.9 miles and its greatest width is 118.0 miles. The Belize climate is subtropical,
tempered by trade winds. Temperatures in coastal districts range from about 50°F to about 96°F; inland the range is
greater. Rainfall varies from an average of 50.9 inches in the north and 175.0 inches the extreme south. The dry
season usually extends from February to May and there is sometimes a dry spell in
Maya civilization spread itself over Belize beginning around 1500 BC, with more than a million strong, it
flourished until about AD 900.
origin of the name Belize is unclear, but one possibility is that the name is from the Maya word belix, meaning
"muddy water", applied to the Belize River.
European settlement began with British Jews, privateers and English seamen as early as 1638. The
first settlement in Belize was on the Bay of Honduras growing from a few habitations Belize Town now Belize City
grew into a de-facto colony of the United Kingdom during the late 18th century. In the early 19th century the
settlement was called British Honduras, and in 1871 it became a Crown Colony.
Britain, taking advantage of Spain's inability to establish control over present-day Belize,
began to use slaves (abolished in 1838) to cut logwood, a dyewood greatly valued in Europe for the wool industry.
By the 1770s, a second tropical exotic timber, mahogany, replaced logwood as the main export from Belize. The
economy of Belize remained based on the extraction of mahogany until the early 1900s when the cultivation of export
crops such as citrus fruits, sugar cane, and bananas came to dominate the economy to what it is
British Honduras became a self-governing colony in January 1964 and was renamed "Belize" on
June 1 1973. Belize was the last colony on the
American mainland of any monarchic. George Cadle Price led the country to full independence on
September 21, 1981. After delays caused by territorial disputes with neighboring Guatemala, which did not
formally recognize the country
Throughout Belize's history, Guatemala has claimed ownership of all of Belize. This claim is
reflected in maps showing Belize as Guatemala's twenty-third province. As of March 2008, the depute with
Guatemala remains quite contentious. At various times the issue has required mediation by the United Kingdom.
Since independence, a British garrison has been retained in Belize at the request of the Belizean government.
There is no war over this matter and it is safe to travel Belize.
main industries are sugar, citrus, fisheries and bananas. Sugar accounts for more than 33.4% of the country's
foreign exchange earnings. Belize is also home to a number of growing manufacturing
There are three ways to get to Belize: air boat or car, car is the most time consuming. Many
people feel best way is to take a cruse to Belize. Air is the fastest and easiest way to get to Belize one can
get direct flights from: Atlanta, GA - Charlotte, NC - Newark, NJ - Dallas/Houston, TX - Los Angeles, CA and
Belizean author can attest to the great jubilation throughout Belize that occurred on Friday, February 8, 2008
when the Hon. Dean O. Barrow was sworn in as Belize's first Creole Prime
Prime Minister Barrow is committed to the task of national reconstruction, steering the
country away from its' long history of crimes against the people. Prime Minister Barrow wants democracy to rule
so the country might stand true to its' anthem: O'land of the free and the line that states: No tyrants here
linger, despots must flee this tranquil Haven Of Democracy! ~ Anthony